What Is Debt Ratio? Decoding Financial Metrics In Singapore


What Is Debt Ratio? Decoding Financial Metrics In Singapore

September 18, 2023

What Is Debt Ratio? Decoding Financial Metrics In Singapore


Different measures are used to determine a firm’s health and stability in Singapore’s dynamic financial landscape. One such metric is the debt ratio.

It reveals an organisation’s solvency and financial leverage. In this article, we shall examine the importance of the debt ratio in Singapore’s financial ecosystem.


Definition And Economic Significance

“What is debt ratio?” is a commonly asked question. The debt ratio, commonly called the debt-to-assets ratio, measures how much of a company’s assets are financed by debt.

Meaning Of Debt Ratio In Singapore

The debt ratio captures how a company’s total debt and assets relate, offering details on its financial structure, risk profile, and solvency. It’s an important metric that plays a significant role in the dynamic financial landscape in Singapore.

The ratio determines a company’s financial health and helps senior management and investors make informed decisions. For instance, they can decide whether to take another loan or not.

Ready to learn how the financial metric can help businesses, investors, and regulators make informed decisions?

Click here to discover how  Credit Thirty3 can help you manage your debt ratio and achieve financial stability.

Method Of Deriving Debt Ratio

For companies in Singapore, calculating the debt ratio is quite simple. It entails stating the outcome as a decimal or percentage after dividing the company’s total debt by its assets. The following formula can be used to determine the ratio:

Debt Ratio = Total Debt / Total Assets

The approach considers Singapore’s distinctive financial landscape while accounting for rules and procedures particular to the regional business scene.

Importance For Investors And Top Management

Top management and investors in Singapore should carefully consider the implications of the debt ratio. These include:

  • Investors: Investors in Singapore can use the debt ratio to gauge risks. A higher debt ratio suggests that a significant amount of a company’s assets are financed by debt. This may raise questions about its capacity to pay its debts.

Conversely, a lower debt-to-income ratio suggests a more responsible attitude towards money management and a higher capacity to withstand economic downturns. Investors can use the debt ratio to evaluate risk and choose where to place their capital.

  • Top management: In Singapore, business executives and top management gain from having a proper understanding of the debt ratio. Finding the optimal debt-to-equity financing ratio aids them in making wise financial decisions.

This equilibrium is necessary for the organisation to enhance its capital structure and guarantee long-term survival. By examining the debt ratio and other top management metrics, the organisation makes informed judgments about funding and expansion plans.

Ideal Value For The Debt Ratio

In Singapore’s economic climate, where stability is highly valued, a debt-to-income ratio below one is considered prudent. It indicates that more stock than debt is used to fund the company’s assets. This denotes a lower level of financial risk.

It’s important to remember that the best value might differ by industry. Capital-intensive enterprises may have higher debt ratios.

How Does Debt Ratio Work In Singapore?

How Does Debt Ratio Work In Singapore

In Singapore, the debt ratio is a financial statistic that provides information about a company’s capital structure and risk profile. It evaluates the link between a company’s total debt and its entire equity.

The ratio assesses how much of the company’s assets are funded by borrowed cash compared to the company owners’ investments.

In Singapore, the debt ratio is calculated using the following steps:

  1. Calculate total debt
  2. Calculating total equity
  3. Computation of ratio

The debt ratio measures a corporation’s reliance on debt to fund itself. A high percentage shows more debt in the capital structure, which may increase financial risk due to interest payments and commitments.

A low ratio, on the other hand, indicates a careful approach, lowering the chance of financial hardship.

Role In Assessing Financial Stability

The debt ratio is a significant indicator of a company’s financial stability in Singapore’s business environment. It measures the percentage of assets financed by debt, which aids in determining a company’s capacity to weather economic downturns.

It also helps to check whether a company is capable of meeting its long-term debt commitments.

A higher debt ratio can indicate that a business relies heavily on borrowed money, potentially making it more susceptible to economic downturns.

A lower debt-to-income ratio, however, denotes a more responsible attitude toward money management and increased adaptability to changing economic conditions.

Financial Statement Importance

The precise calculation of the debt ratio depends on an organisation’s financial accounts. The company’s total debt to assets information is available in these statements.

Due to the possibility of erroneous debt ratio computations, these statements must be precise and transparent. Financial regulations and reporting standards are strict in Singapore.

Therefore, reliable financial statements are the cornerstone for evaluating a company’s financial health and making wise decisions.

The Ratio As A Solvency Metric For Investors

The debt ratio is a solvency statistic that Singaporean investors use to assess the financial soundness of prospective investments. A corporation with a high debt ratio may have trouble making its debt payments, which could put it in financial trouble.

Therefore, a lower debt ratio is more attractive for investors as it reflects a company’s ability to control its debt and preserve financial stability. Investors can assess the risk involved with their investments and make decisions that align with their risk appetite and investment goals.


A simple formula is used to get the debt ratio:

Debt Ratio = Total Debt / Total Assets

The equation measures how much debt funds an organisation’s assets. It gives a straightforward yet effective indicator that delivers insightful information about an organisation’s risk exposure.

Debt Ratio Interpretation For Singaporean Businesses

Given Singapore’s financial restrictions, a debt ratio greater than one can be problematic. Making the distinction between liabilities vs debt is essential. While debt mainly refers to borrowed money that needs to be returned, liabilities refer to all outstanding debts.

A debt ratio above one indicates that the company has more debt than assets, which may indicate it is in financial trouble.

Singaporean Example Using The Debt Ratio Calculator:

Take a laundry mart, for instance, whose total assets are $50,000 and total debt is $20,000, respectively.

The debt ratio equals 20,000/50 000 = 0.40, or 40%.

A low debt ratio of 0.4 indicates that your business is doing well and will probably be able to pay off any acquired debt.

Significance In Singapore’s Economy

The debt ratio greatly impacts Singapore’s growing economy, influencing businesses, investors, and regulators’ financial choices.

The debt ratio’s importance is felt across the economic landscape as Singapore maintains its position as a major global financial centre of corporate excellence. It’s significant to the economy in the following ways:

  • Optimising financial structure

The debt ratio serves as a compass to guide enterprises in Singapore, where achieving economic growth and stability are top concerns. It helps to optimise their financial structures.

The ideal balance of debt and equity finance must be reached to guarantee long-term sustainability. A well-managed debt ratio reduces the possibility of financial hardship while allowing firms to get the funding they want for expansion.

By maintaining a reasonable debt ratio, businesses can improve their financial agility and flexibility and position themselves for success in Singapore’s competitive market.

  • Attracting investment

Investors seeking chances in Singapore can learn valuable information about a company’s financial stability and risk profile from its debt ratio.

A lower debt ratio shows a stronger financial position and lesser risk, making a company more attractive to potential investors.

This attribute is significant in a financial environment like Singapore’s, where foreign investments are crucial for accelerating economic growth.

A favourable debt ratio can attract capital and boost investor confidence, supporting the country’s economic expansion.

  • Navigating regulatory standards

Singapore is renowned for its strict financial regulations and adherence to international reporting standards. The debt-to-equity ratio of a company is crucial for navigating these regulatory waters.

Accurate financial reporting, backed by freely accessible debt ratio computations, assures adherence to national laws and best practices worldwide.

This dedication promotes transparency, honesty, and responsibility in the financial ecosystem. This helps to build investor importance and supports a favourable business climate.

  • Assessing financial stability

Numerous aspects of the economy show how the debt-to-income ratio affects the assessment of financial soundness.

To manage credit risk and maintain a healthy lending portfolio, banks, and other financial institutions must assess the debt ratios of their customers.

Higher lending standards are needed since borrowers with a high debt-to-income ratio may be more prone to default. Good debt-to-equity ratios may make it easier for businesses to obtain financing, promoting economic expansion.

 Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs):

  • What does Singapore’s debt ratio mean in this situation?

In Singapore, a company’s debt ratio reveals what proportion of its assets are financed by debt. It details the company’s financial stability, risk profile, and capacity for keeping long-term financial obligations.

  • How is the debt ratio calculated for Singaporean businesses?

Divide the total amount of the company’s debt by its total assets to determine the debt ratio. The resulting ratio aids in determining how heavily the business relies on debt financing.

  • What is the ideal debt ratio value in Singapore?

Depending on the sector and the state of the economy, there are several ideal debt values. A ratio less than one denotes a more stable financial condition, whereas a ratio greater than one can raise questions about the company’s solvency.


Understanding the debt ratio is crucial for firms, investors, and senior management in Singapore’s dynamic financial environment. This indicator acts as a compass, directing financial choices, evaluating risk, and gauging the general stability of businesses.

Stakeholders can more confidently navigate the evolving Singaporean economy by understanding the debt ratio and its ramifications.

Ready to learn how the financial metric can help businesses, investors, and regulators make informed decisions?

Click here to discover how Credit Thirty3 can help you manage your debt ratio and achieve financial stability.