What Is Debt Ratio? Decoding Financial Metrics In Singapore

Personal Finance

What Is Debt Ratio? Decoding Financial Metrics In Singapore

October 11, 2023

Various metrics assess a company’s vitality and stability in Singapore’s ever-changing financial scene. The debt ratio is one example of such a measure.

But what is debt ratio? Keep reading as we explore the definition and how it works.


A debt ratio is a method to calculate the proportion of a company’s assets that the debt finances. Investors use ratios to gauge the safety of putting money into a company with a larger total debt load for capital expenditures. 

They can use the ratio to determine if the company is using its debt efficiently to grow and develop.‌

You obtain this ratio by dividing the aggregate debt of the companies by their overall assets. The valuation of total assets encompasses the total worth of a company’s assets, including long-term and short-term assets.

Consequently, the computation provides a lucid perspective on the enterprises’ financial state and financial responsibilities.

Key Takeaways

The key takeaways include:

  • A debt ratio is a useful indicator of a company’s financial health concerning its total debt secured by assets.
  • For investors, the debt-to-assets ratio is a vital solvency measure since it indicates how likely a company will go bankrupt.
  • The ratio is also useful for top-level management in evaluating the health of their business and determining how to proceed.
  • The optimal value for a corporation is less than 1, though this may change depending on the sector in which the company operates.

How Debt Ratio Works In Singapore

How Debt Ratio Works In Singapore

The debt ratio is a crucial factor in evaluating the financial soundness of a company, as it reflects the extent to which the corporation relies on secure financing relative to its assets.

Consider the debt ratio metric, which involves the comparison of the aggregate debt concerning the company’s overall assets, which usually appears as a decimal or a percentage.

Companies produce the necessary statements of accounts to depict their financial standing to various stakeholders, such as investors. The statements in question encompass the:

  • Cash flow statement
  • Balance sheet
  • Statement of shareholder’s equity
  • Income statement

When creditors examine the debt on its balance sheet of the relevant businesses, they assess their financial position by calculating the ratio of total loans to total assets.

Since this ratio would serve a specific purpose, it falls into the category of a solvency ratio for potential investors. This is because the value aids in comprehending the likelihood of bankruptcy for such firms in the case of consecutive defaults.

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One can use the following formula to get the ratio of total debt to total assets:

Debt Ratio = Total Debt / Total Assets

Interpretation For Singaporean Businesses

When the aggregate debt surpasses the aggregate assets, the organisation has greater liabilities than its assets.

Therefore, one anticipates that the debt-to-asset ratio shows below 1 to attract investor interest. It can also establish the organisation as a reliable source for timely repayments and risk-free transactions because it means the company has more assets.

Conversely, when the value exceeds 1, investors discern that the company has too much debt. The aggregate debt surpasses the company’s repayment capacity, leading them to abstain from investing.

Sometimes, the numerator in the previous calculation may consist of total liabilities. Nevertheless, the distinction between liability and debt could result in inconsistencies in the figures one obtains.

The extent to which debt and liabilities can be analogous is contingent upon the specific components working to determine the aggregate amount of debts.

In contrast, the debt ratio benefits from having liabilities count toward the numerator, with equity as the denominator.


Smart Company gives the following information for investors to determine the debt ratio:

Net Worth in the Short Term – $10,000

Assets for the Long Term: $40,000.

$20,000 in Total Debt (long-term and short-term debt)

The first step, using the previous information, is to determine the total assets:

Assets in the short and long terms, together, equal the total assets.

= $40,000+$10,000

= $50,000

One can compute the ratio now that consumers have the overall debt amount. The ratio is calculated by:

Total amount of  Debt divided by total assets = the ratio of debt.

= 20,000/50,000 = 0.40, or 40%

The favourable ratio indicates that the company is in solid financial standing (0.1, 0.3, 0.5, 0.6, 0.9). Therefore, it’s acceptable to the investors.

Significance In Singapore’s Economy

Two types of persons can benefit from this ratio. The first set consists of the company’s upper management, who are ultimately accountable for the company’s growth or decline.

The upper management employs the ratio to determine if the business has sufficient funds to meet its financial commitments.

The second type consists of potential investors who analyse a business before deciding whether to invest. Investors have a right to know if the company has sufficient assets to cover its debts and other commitments.

Total-debt-to-total-assets is a leverage ratio metric one uses throughout the business. In addition, it shows the investors the company’s leverage ratio. For instance, the company has greater financial leverage if its liabilities are higher than its assets, and the opposite is true.

Frequently Asked Questions

What Is The Meaning Of Debt Ratio?

The debt-to-asset ratio measures how much of a company’s value is due by creditors. The ratio may indicate the entity’s capacity to maintain its debt load and readiness to make a prompt payment should the need arise.

An investor and analyst can gain insight into a company’s financial health by looking at its debt-to-equity ratio. They use the analysis results to determine whether or not to put money into the venture.

What Is The Method Of Calculating The Debt Ratio For Singaporean Businesses?

Users tally up their company’s assets to determine its overall value, and they add up their debts to determine the full extent of their financial obligations.

One calculates the debt-to-assets ratio by dividing debt by total assets. Executives and shareholders can use this information to make better business and personal decisions.

What Is Ideal Value For The Debt Ratio In Singapore?

A debt-to-assets ratio below 1 is desirable because it shows a good debt ratio that a corporation has more assets than debt. If the value is a high ratio greater than 1, the company is in a precarious financial situation, i.e. the company has more debt than assets.

In case the valuation is large, there is a greater chance that the company may default on its obligations and eventually fail.

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Final Thoughts 

A comprehensive knowledge of the debt ratio holds significant importance for corporations, investors, and top-level executives operating within Singapore’s ever-changing financial landscape. This indicator serves as a navigational tool, guiding financial decision-making, assessing risk, and measuring the overall stability of enterprises.

Investors can better navigate Singapore’s changing economy if they have a firm grasp on the debt ratio and its implications.